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The Lignin 2014 conference started Sunday 24 August with a 'Get Together' at Umeå, Sweden, at the Umeå University Arts' Campus. Monday 25 August saw several distinguished researchers present including Japanese Noritsugu Terashima of Nagoya University, Niko Geldner of the University of Lausanne in Switzerland and—last but not least—Norman Lewis of Washington State University in the U.S.A..

From Bio4Energy This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.spoke on 'Cooperative lignification of Arabidopsis xylem vessels', while This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. revealed that 'PERSIFONE2 regulates Histone H3K4 Methylation of caffeic and O-methyltransferase in Arabidopsis'. Both are affiliated with Umeå University. Moreover the head of the Bio4Energy Feedstock Platform,This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. of the Stora Enso group, chaired a session on 'Lignin monomer biosynthesis and transcriptional regulation'.

Tuesday 26 August was a day for lignin analysis. Among a number of high-caliber speakers, analytical chemist Wout Boerjan of the University of Gent in Belgium explained how systems biology might be used to understand phenolic metabolism in trees. Others, such as Gerald Tuskan of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S.A., said that rich genomic resources facilitated progress in understanding the way in which wood is formed.

Wednesday 27 August saw the start of the industry part of Lignin 2014. A scientist in the absolute forefront of fundamental lignin research, John Ralph of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, U.S.A., told the conference about how to "design plant cell walls for deconstruction". Ralph is the man who invented the concept of "zip" lignin, a type of lignin that would be easier to separate from the rest of the wood in trees than lignin which has not been modified. In the afternoon, a cavalcade of distinguished folks on the side of applied lignin research, and on the side of product development, took the stage. University of Stellenbosch researcher Emile van Zyl (South Africa), Claus Felby of the University of Copenhagen (Denmark) and Guro Elise Fredheim of the Norwegian biorefinery group Borregaard were among them. Session chair was Bio4Energy researcher This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., professor at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU). Also from Bio4Energy and the SLU, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. presented on 'Carbon-13 tracking of wood biosynthesis in hybrid aspen'.

Finally, Thursday 28 August Art Ragauskas of Georgia Tech in the U.S., probably the world's leading researcher on the applied side of lignin science, told the conference about 'Lignin: From cell wall to material'. From the Bio4Energy Industrial Network, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. of the Sweden-based Domsjö Fabriker biorefinery talked about "lignin business development" and "new opportunities". Just ahead of closing Lignin 2014, Peter Axegård of Innventia described the work of that Bio4Energy member research institute to develop cost-efficient carbon fibres from lignin. And Bio4Energy researcher This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. of the pulp and paper maker Billerud-Korsnäs talked on 'Lignin derivatives and laccase in oxygen-scavenging films and coatings'. Such films and coatings may be used, for instance, in bio-based food packaging.

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