Bio4Energy Thermochemical Conversion Technologies

  • Magnus Marklund B4E RISE ETCMagnus Marklund, CEO at RISE Energy Technology Center, shows a sample of the "green" Black Carbon developed by his team in Bio4Energy and at RISE. Bio4Energy© 2018.Scientists in Bio4Energy have succeeded in making a bio-based equivalent of Carbon Black, one of the most widely used carbon-based industrial chemicals. Carbon Black forms when certain heavy petroleum products are incompletely burned, and there is an established process for making Carbon Black from fossil oil products in the petrochemical industry. The International Agency for Research on Cancer states that this material, which takes the form of a colloid, could “possibly” induce cancer and cause respiratory problems in humans. 

    To the best of the Bio4Energy scientists' knowledge, the "green" equivalent of Carbon Black they have made is the first ever to be developed from pyrolysis oil.

    In fact, the researchers at RISE Energy Technology Centre (RISE ETC), at Piteå, Sweden—part of the platform Bio4Energy Thermochemical Conversion Technologies—used pyrolysis oil made from renewable solid biomass in a high-temperature process developed in-house.

    In experiments mimicking the petrochemical industry’s main production process for making Carbon Black, they sprayed pyrolysis oil into a reactor at high temperatures and the resulting material—that is, the “green” Carbon Black—was separated from the gaseous stream at cooling.

  • thermochemica_600lResearchers on the Bio4Energy platform for Thermochemical Conversion Technologies develop thermal technologies based on gasification and combustion of forest-sourced biomass or organic waste. Photo used with permission.
    Researchers on the platform Bio4Energy Thermochemical Conversion Technologies have set out to develop a complete set of experimentally validated sub-models that can be combined in different ways to predict all technologically important processes for thermal conversion of biomass, including reactions with containment materials. On the side of technology development, gasification, combustion and pyrolysis are the cheif methods studied.

    Platform leaderis the Umeå University (UmU) associate professor This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., taking over the reins of the platform from professor This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., 1 January 2016. Both are part of the UmU Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.

     

    Thermal Conversion of Biomass in Bio4Energy from Bio4Energy on Vimeo. Video by Bio4Energy, 26 June 2014.

    The following researchers are part of the Bio4Energy research and development platform for Thermochemical Conversion Technologies:

    Thermochemical Energy Conversion Laboratory,
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
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    +46 90 786 5943
    +46 70 980 1474

    Applied Physics and Electronics: 
    Thermochemical Energy Conversion Laboratory
    (TEC-Lab)

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  +46 90 786 5445 TEC-Lab, Bio4Energy Programme Manager
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    +46 90 786 5971







    TEC-Lab







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    +46 90 786 6756 


    TEC-Lab


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    +46 90 786 7611




    Applied Physics and Electronics:
    Applied Laser Spectroscopy



    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. +46 90 786 6801 UmU: KBC KB7C8, Linnaeus Rd 6
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    RISE Bioeconomy/Energy Technology Center, Piteå, Sweden
    (Research and development consultants)
       
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    +46 10 516 6176


     
    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. +46 10 516 6190  
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    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden    
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    +46 92 049 2196


    Energy Sciences:
    Energy Engineering, E153

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    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. +46 92 049 1977 Energy Sciences:
    Energy Engineering, E145
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    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. +46 92 049 2484
    Energy Sciences:
    Energy Engineering E148
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    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. +46 92 046 1648 Experimental Mechanichs
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    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. +46 91 172 782 LTU Green Fuels
    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. +46 70 483 2234 Fuels & Energy Consulting 
    - Bio4Energy Industrial Network
  • Den 27 maj är Svenskt kunskapscentrum för förnybara drivmedel (f3 Centre) med och anordnar ett seminarium om flygets klimatpåverkan där bl.a. Maria Wetterstrand, ordförande i Biojetutredningen kommer att medverka. Seminariet är ett samarrangemang med två av Chalmers styrkeområden – Energi och Transport.

    Klicka här för mer informationom seminariet. 
     
    Klicka här för att anmäla dig.


    Seminariet startar med ett förmingel och wraps kl 11:30.

    Preliminärt program
    12:00-14:00 Moderator: Maria Grahn Maria Grahn. Välkommen. Ingrid Nohlgren, f3. Introduktion. Flygbränslen i ett systemperspektiv. Maria Wetterstrand. Flygbränsleutredningen. (30 min) Anna Elofsson, Chalmers.
  • Lestander TA, Sandstrom L, Wiinikka H, Ohrman OGW, Thyrel M. 2018. Characterisation of fast pyrolysis bio-oil properties by near-infrared spectroscopic data. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 133, 9-15. August
  • Lotfian S, Ahmed H, Umeki K, et al. 2019. Conversion Characteristics of Alternative Reducing Agents for the Bath Smelting Processes in an Oxidizing Atmosphere. J. Sustain. Metall. Online 28 February
  • Wagner K, Kuba M, Häggström G, Skoglund N, Öhman M, Hofbauer H. 2018. Influence of Phosphorus on the Layer Formation on K-feldspar During Fluidized Bed Combustion and Gasification. 26th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition. Conference paper, pp 486 - 492
  • ltuThe Division of Energy Science at Luleå University of Technology(LTU) has an Bio4energy cmykopen position for a PhD student in Energy Engineering. In your research, you will develop combustion and gasification processes for effective and sustainable conversion of biomass and waste fuels. You will work together with researchers from different fields (Energy and Chemical Engineering), universities, institutes (national and international) and equipment manufacturers.

    Your PhD project is a part of an ongoing project funded by the Swedish Energy Agency/Swedish Research Council. The purpose of your research is to improve the operational and economic performance of fluidised-bed biomass combustors and gasifiers to be used for heat, power and production of biofuel for automotive use. The overall aim is to design bed particle layers that 1) reduce the risk of bed agglomeration, bed material deposition and fouling in fluidised-bed combustion/gasification (FBC/FBG) of biomass fuels, and 2) provide a positive catalytic influence on internal tar reforming so as to increase the quality of the raw synthesis gas in the FBG process.

    You will carry out gasification/combustion experiments in laboratory scale, pilot scale and full-scale plants and characterise the thus produced bed particle layers with different chemical or physical analytical methods. You will also formulate models that can predict the bed particle layer characteristics for different biomass fuels and bed material combinations. In your research, you will collaborate with researchers from Bio4Energy, Luleå University of Technology, Umeå University and Technical University in Wien/Bioenergy 2020+.

  • Toth P, Vikström T, Molinder R, Wiinikka H. Structures of carbon black continuously produced from biomass pyrolysis oil. Green Chemistry 20, 3981-3992. Online 7 September
  • Bio4Energy-forskning: Svenska skogen kan ersätta fossila däckdelar, Industripress
  • Sefidari H, Lindblom B, Wiinikka H, Nordin L-O, Mouzon J, Bhuiyan IU, Öhman M. 2018. The effect of disintegrated iron-ore pellet dust on deposit formation in a pilot-scale pulverised coal combustion furnace. Part 1: Characterisation of process gas particles and deposits. Fuel Processing Technology, 177, 283-298, August
  • Sefidari H, Lindblom B, Wiinikka H, Nordin L-O,... Öhman M. 2018. The effect of disintegrated iron-ore pellet dust on deposit formation in a pilot-scale pulverised coal combustion furnace. Part II: Thermochemical equilibrium calculations and viscosity estimations. Fuel Processing Technology, 29 May (Corrected proof)
  • Strandberg A, Skoglund N, Thyrel M, Backman R, Lestander T, Broström M. 2019. Wheat straw pellet combustion - characterisation with X-ray micro-tomography and SEM-EDS analysis. Conference paper: World Sustainable Energy Days - Young Biomass Researchers Conference, Wels, Austria. February