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Swedish Energy Agency

  • Conference: Flera filer mot framtidens drivmedel, Stockholm, Sweden

    Konferensen samarrangeras årligen av Energimyndigheten och f3 Svenskt kunskapscentrum för förnybara drivmedel inom ramen för samverkansprogrammet Förnybara drivmedel och system.
  • Lignin, Pyrolysis Oil, to Become 'Bio-crude' for Use in Fossil Oil Refineries, Biofuels

    Lignin hyrdocracker SP ETC 25516Hyrdocracker reactor for pre-treated biomass. Illustration by courtesy of Magnus Marklund.New pilot facilities for the upgrading of lignin (which plant matter makes up roughly a third of the wood in trees) and of pyrolysis oil to a crude bio-based oil, or "bio-crude", is being installed at Bio4Energy member organisation SP Energy Technology Center(SP ETC) at Piteå, Sweden. The oil giant Preem has positioned itself as a forerunner in the search for renewable alternatives to fossil oil in its refined products, and are financing the new infrastructure at the SP ETC together with the Swedish Energy Agency and others.

    "The technology is based on a principle in use in [fossil] oil refineries for the cracking and hydrogenation of fossil residual streams. We will be making a form of bio-crude which is adapted for going straight into a refinery, as a type of blend-in product which can be added to upgrade crude oil", said This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., CEO at the SP ETC.

    The product of the pilot operations will be entirely bio-based, with the lignin content having been previously extracted from black liquor, which is a residual stream in pulping, and the pyrolysis oil made on the premises from forestry residue, such as tree tops and branches from northern Sweden forests. Marklund said that the new facilities, small enough to fit into a standard container, would be taken into operation in the last quarter of this year with a specific lignin and pyrolysis upgrading project in mind and which would end in the first quarter of 2017.

    "In this first one the end product will be blend-in biofuels. In a longer term perspective the pilot will be used more generally [for the upgrading of] liquefied biomass", according to Marklund who is a PI on the research and development platform Bio4Energy Thermochemical Conversion Technologies.
  • Opportunity for Pulp Mill Operators to Make Climate-efficient 'Drop-in' Biofuels while Increasing Pulp Production Capacity

    Collage Sodra Morrum2 220920From the operating sites of two of the project partners: the Södra Cell Mörrum pulp mill and a worker at the Smurfit Kappa paper mill (insert). Both operations are in Sweden. Photos by courtesy of Per Pixel and Caroline Lundmark, respectively.A new report designed to lay bare the potential for coupling pulp production with biofuel making from pulping residue, shows that there is a double benefit to be had in doing so for pulp mill operators.

    First, production capacity could be increased at existing mills. Second, climate-efficient transport biofuel could be produced at a cost per energy unit that is on a par or better, compared with similar biofuels made from residues from forestry operations.

    The new fuels would be so-called drop-in biofuels, which means that they are functional equivalents of their petroleum fuel counterparts and thus can be directly blended in with these latter at any ratio.

    The researchers' report identifies two main technologies that would put the production cost of the biofuel at 80 euros per megawatt-hour (MWh) or about 65-to-75 euro cents per litre. It is the result of a collaboration project between Bio4Energy systems analysis researchers at the Luleå University of Technology (LTU) in Sweden, companies in the sector and researchers from the RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.

  • Prospects for Rollout of Poplar Plantations Investigated as Means to Increase Biofuel Production in Sweden

    Collage Populus plantation Bio4Energy2020 400Populus plants at the researchers' field trial plantation in southern Sweden. Photos by courtesy of Henrik Böhlenius.Researchers in Bio4Energy and a partner will investigate the potential for a rollout in Sweden of plantations of fast-growing poplar trees—Populus trichocarpa in Latin—as a means to increase biomass productionfor making renewable automotive fuels from wood and woody residue.

    While there is a great body of scientific literature to describe the trees and their properties in themselves, information on the economics and technical feasibility of doing so at a large scale is relatively scant, according to project leader This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., scientist at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU). Contrary to most of the other Bio4Energy scientists who are based in the Swedish north, he is in the southernmost part of the country, at Alnarp.

    “We see a great potential for [rollout of] this type of plantation, along the lines of one million hectares that could be added to the current domestic production of bioenergy”, Böhlenius said.

    Sweden would benefit from making more advanced biofuels—renewable fuels that do not compete with food production and meet high quality standards in terms of their greenhouse gas footprint—at an affordable cost.

    Land is available, to believe official statistics. Roughly 400,000 hectares of agricultural land could be planted with poplar without jeopardsing food production. Another one-to-two million hectare of spruce tree plantations, sitting on former agricultural land, could be used to plant poplar or other fast-growing tree species. 

  • Pyrolysis Oil from Biomass Could Be Early Alternative to Fossil Oil in Transition to Society Fuelled by Renewables

    MM Pyrolysis 16615Magnus Marklund and his team at the SP ETC will be able to continue the development of applications of biomass-based pyrolysis oil, thanks to new funding grants from the Swedish Energy Agency and Kempe Foundations. Photo by Maria Fäldt.Pyrolysis of biomass—thermochemical decomposition of wood or organic waste at elevated temperatures and with minimal presence of oxygen—could be an "interesting" option in a transition to replacing today's fossil oil with renewable alternatives, according to a Bio4Energy expert on the thermal conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals. Thus far, however, lack of knowledge about the composition of the bio-oil obtained from pyrolysis of wood or woody waste has been a hindrance efficiently to design techniques for producing and using such bio-oil, to believe researchers in Bio4Energy at the SP Energy Technology Center(SP ETC) at Piteå, in Sweden.

    After five years of research in Bio4Energy, and three new funding grants enabling the start of two research projects and the purchase of state-of-the-art instrumentation, that may be about to change.

    Until recently, "perhaps 50 per cent of the contents of the oil made by way of pyrolysis could be mapped by ordinary gas chromatography and other methods", said This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., CEO at the SP ETC, having just received the announcement of two research grants worth more than eight million Swedish kronor from the Swedish Energy Agency, plus support for highly advanced analytical equipment called GCxGC MS from the Kempe Foundations. GC is short for gas chromatography, which in this case is two dimensional, but in this new instrument it has been coupled with a technique called mass spectrometry.

    "With the new funding from the Energy Agency for the research projects and for a state-of-the-art analytic instrument from Kempe we are going to complement, strengthen and inventory what is being done on an international top level.
  • Seminar on Bio-based Feedstock: 'Make No Mistake, There is Still Momentum for Building the Bioeconomy'

    Is the efficient and sustainable biorefinery of the future challenged by the low price of oil and gas and the lack of a political framework that encourages bio-based production in the long term? Yes. Have actors in the sector shut up shop while waiting for conditions to be right for launching the bioeconomy? Not at all.

    Judging from developments in Sweden, a precursor country in terms of biorefinery development based on woody materials and organic waste, great strides are being made in industry and academia to pave the way for a transition from an economy heavily reliant fossil fuels and materials based on petrochemicals, towards a bioeconomy. A few such developments were highlighted yesterday at a seminar at Umeå, in northern Sweden, on Feedstock for Sustainable Biofuel Production, by the Swedish Knowledge Centre for Renewable Transportation Fuels (f3 Centre), the research environment Bio4Energy and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

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  • Webbinarieserie: Massa- och pappersindustrins energianvändning

    I november och december arrangerar Energimyndigheten webbinarier vid tre tillfällen: 6 november, 20 november och 4 december. Samtliga startar med en virtuell fika 8.45 med första presentation klockan 9.00.

    Rullar med kartong i pappersindustri

    Webbinarierna organiseras som en avslutning och resultatspridning av utvalda projekt i FoU-programmet Massa- och pappersindustrins energianvändning finansierat av Energimyndigheten under 2016–2020.  

    Med webbinarierna riktar vi oss till alla som är engagerade och intresserade av industrins utmaningar och utvecklingsfrågor. Webbinarierna har som mål att vara lättillgängliga och innehålla presentationer av tre intressanta projekt per tillfälle.

    Webbinarierna är en serie med följande teman:

    Reservera följande datum! 6 november, 20 november samt 4 december (fredagar klockan 8.45–10.15 cirka). Ingen anmälan krävs. Deltagande sker via Teams, länk till att ansluta kommer finnas tillgänglig på denna sida. 

    Preliminär agenda:

    • Presentation av projekten (tre projekt med respektive 15–20 minuters presentationer) och projektens resultat och industriimplikationer.
    • Diskussion och frågestund efter varje projekt.
    • Summering av sessionen där generella implikationer för industrins forsknings- och innovationsutveckling diskuteras samt ytterligare eventuella frågor.
    • Energimyndighetens bioekonomistrategi och satsningar inom området.  

    Du är även välkommen att vidarebefordra inbjudan till dina kollegor som kan tänkas vara intresserade av att delta.

  • Webbinarium: Drop-in-bränslen från svartlutsdelströmmar

    Webbinarium: Drop-in-bränslen från svartlutsdelströmmar – överbryggning av gapet mellan kort- och långsiktiga teknikspår

    Webbinarium: Drop-in-bränslen från svartlutsdelströmmar – överbryggning av gapet mellan kort- och långsiktiga teknikspår

    Onsdag, 11 november 2020 klockan 13:00-14:00

    Av det totala svartlutsflödet i massabruk skulle en delström kunna användas som råvara i framställning av drop-in-biodrivmedel. För bruk som begränsas av återvinningskapaciteten i sodapannan skulle det innebära att man kan öka massaproduktionen, samtidigt som den parallella biodrivmedelsproduktionen kan ge ett bidrag till omställningen av transportsystemet på relativt kort sikt. Detta är intressant i ljuset av reduktionsplikten.

    På det här webbinariet presenteras resultaten från en utvärdering av biodrivmedelsproduktionen och effekterna i massabruket av en avlastad sodapanna. De aktuella undersökta teknikspåren för biodrivmedelsproduktion som kan integreras i massabruk är baserade på ligninförvätskning/vätebehandling respektive svartlutsförgasning/syntes via methanol-to-gasoline-process.

    Resultaten från studien kan öka drivkrafterna för investering i massabruksintegrerad produktion av drivmedel med hög växthusgasprestanda.

    Här kan du läsa mer om projektet och dess resultat.

    Webbinariet är kostnadsfritt och öppet för alla. Det genomförs online via Teams och du ansluter via länken som skickas per epost med din bokningsbekräftelse.


    Webbinariet anordnas som en av flera kommunikationsinsatser för projekt genomförda inom Förnybara drivmedel och system, ett samverkansprogram med finansiering från Energimyndigheten och f3 Svenskt kunskapscentrum för förnybara drivmedel.